Excerpts from Jekyll Island
G. Edward Griffin

How It REALLY Happened
The Creature from Jekyll Island

by G. Edward Griffin

Excerpts from Chapter One specifically addressing the creation of the Federal Reserve System.

The secret meeting on Jekyll Island in Georgia at which the Federal Reserve was
conceived; the birth of a banking cartel to protect its members from competition;
the strategy of how to convince Congress and the public that this cartel was an
agency of the United States government.--...were seven men who represented an
estimated one-forth of the total wealth of the entire world.

1. Nelson W. Aldrich, Republican "whip" in the Senate, Chairman of the
National Monetary Commission, business associate of J.P. Morgan, father-in-law
to John D. Rockefeller, Jr.;

2. Abraham Piatt Andrew, Assistant Secretary of the United States Treasury;

3. Frank A. Vanderlip, president of the National City Bank of New York, the most powerful of the
banks at that time,representing William Rockefeller and the international investment banking house
of Kuhn, Loeb & Company;

4. Henry P. Davison, senior partner of the J.P Morgan Company;

5. Charles D. Norton, president of J.P. Morgan's First National Bank ofNew York;

6. Benjamin Strong, head of J.P. Morgan's Bankers Trust Company;and

7. Paul M. Warburg, a partner in Kuhn, Loeb & Company, a representative of the Rothschild
banking dynasty in England and France, and brother to Max Warburg who was head of the Warburg
banking consortium in Germany and the Netherlands.

In 1913, the same year that the Federal Reserve Act was passed into law, a subcommittee of the
House Committee on Currency and Banking, under the chairmanship of Arsene Pujo of Louisiana,
completed its investigation into the concentration of financial power in the United States. Pujo was
considered to be a spokesman for the oil interests, part of the very group under investigation, and
did everything possible to sabotage the hearings. In spite of his efforts, however, the final report of
the committee at large was devastating. It stated:

Your committee is satisfied from the proofs submitted, even in the absence of data from the banks,
that there is an established and well defined identity and community of interest between a few
leaders of finance...which has resulted in great and rapidly growing concentration of the control of
money and credit in the hands of these few men...

When we consider, also, in this connection that into these reservoirs of money and credit there flow
a large part of the reserves of the banks of the country, that they are also the agents and
correspondents of the out-of-town banks in the loaning of their surplus funds in the only public
money market of the country, and that a small group of men and their partners and associates have
now further strengthened their hold upon the resources of these institutions by acquiring large stock
holdings therein, by representation on their boards and through valuable patronage, we begin to
realize something of the extent to which this practical and effective domination and control over our
greatest financial, railroad and industrial corporations has developed, largely within the past five
years, and that it is fraught with peril to the welfare of the country.

The purpose of this meeting on Jekyll Island was...to come to an agreement on the structure and
operation of a banking cartel. The goal of the cartel, as is true with all of them, was to maximize
profits by minimizing competition between members, to make it difficult for new competitors to
enter the field, and to utilize the police power of government to enforce the cartel agreement.

In more specific terms, the purpose and, indeed, the actual outcome of this meeting was to create the
blueprint for the Federal Reserve System.--

The first leak regarding this meeting found its way into print in 1916. It appeared in Leslie's Weekly
and was written by a young financial reporter by the name of B.C. Forbes, who later founded
Forbes Magazine. The article was primarily in praise of Paul Warburg, and it is likely that Warburg
let the story out during conversations with the writer. At any rate, the opening paragraph contained a
dramatic but highly accurate summary of both the nature and purpose of the meeting:

Picture a party of the nation's greatest bankers stealing out of New York on a private railroad car
under cover of darkness, stealthily hieing hundreds of miles South, embarking on a mysterious
launch, sneaking on to an island deserted by all but a few servants, living there a full week under
such rigid secrecy that the names of not one of them was once mentioned lest the servants learn the
identity and disclose to the world this strangest, most secret expedition in the history of American

I am not romancing. I am giving to the world, for the first time, the real story of how the famous
Aldrich currency report, the foundation of our new currency system, was written.--

In 1930, Paul Warburg wrote a massive book - 1750 pages in all - entitled "The Federal Reserve
System, Its Origin and Growth". In this tome, he described the meeting and its purpose but did not
mention either its location or the names of those who attended. But he did say: "The results of the
conference were entirely confidential. Even the fact there had been a meeting was not permitted to
become public." Then in a footnote he added: "Though eighteen years have since gone by, I do not
feel free to give a description of this most interesting conference concerning which Senator Aldrich
pledged all participants to secrecy."--

In the February 9, 1935, issue of the Saturday Evening Post, an article appeared written by Frank
Vanderlip. In it he said: "Despite my views about the value to society of greater publicity for the
affairs of corporations, there was an occasion, near the close of 1910, when I was as secretive -
indeed, as furtive - as any conspirator....I do not feel it is any exaggeration to speak of our secret
expedition to Jekyll Island as the occasion of the actual conception of what eventually became the
Federal Reserve System....We were told to leave our last names behind us. We were told, further,
that we should avoid dining together on the night of our departure. We were instructed to come one
at a time and as unobtrusively as possible to the railroad terminal on the New Jersy littoral of the
Hudson, where Senator Aldrich's private car would be in readiness, attached to the rear end of a
train for the South....

Once aboard the private car we began to observe the taboo that had been fixed on last names. We
addressed one another as "Ben," "Paul," "Nelson," "Abe" - it is Abraham Piatt Andrew. Davison and
I adopted even deeper disguises, abandoning our first names. On the theory that we were always
right, he became Wilbur and I became Orville, after those two aviation pioneers, the Wright
brothers....The servants and train crew may have known the identities of one or two of us, but they
did not know all, and it was the names of all printed together that would have made our mysterious
journey significant in Washington, in Wall Street, even in London. Discovery, we knew, simply
must not happen, or else all our time and effort would be wasted.

If it were to be exposed publicly that our particular group had got together and written a banking
bill, that bill would have no chance whatever of passage by Congress.--

As with all cartels, it had to be created by legislation and sustained by the power of goverment under
the deception of protecting the consumer.--

As John Kenneth Galbraith explained it:

"It was his [Aldrich's] thought to outflank the opposition by having not one central bank but many.
And the word bank would itself be avoided."--Galbraith says "...Warburg has, with some justice,
been called the father of the system."

Professor Edwin Seligman, a member of the international banking family of J. & W. Seligman, and
head of the Department of Economics at Columbia University, writes that "...in its fundamental
features, the Federal Reserve Act is the work of Mr. Warburg more than any other man in the

Another brother, Max Warburg, was the financial adviser of the Kaiser and became Director of the
Reichsbank in Germany. This was, of course, a central bank, and it was one of the cartel models
used in the construction of the Federal Reserve System. The Reichsbank, incidentally, a few years
later would create the massive hyperinflation that occured in Germany, wiping out the middle class
and the entire German economy as well.--

...A. Barton Hepburn of Chase National Bank was even more candid. He said:

"The measure recognizes and adopts the principles of a central bank. Indeed, if all works out as the
sponsers of the law hope, it will make all incorporated banks together joint owners of a central
dominating power." And that is about as good a definition of a cartel as one is likely to find.--

...it is incapable of achieving its stated objectives.--

...why is the System incapable of achieving its stated objectives?

The painful answer is: those were never its true objectives.--

Anthony Sutton, former Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution for War, Revolution and Peace,
and also Professor of Economics at California State University, Los Angeles, provides a somewhat
deeper analysis. He writes:

"Warburg's revolutionary plan to get American Society to go to work for Wall Street was
astonishingly simple. Even today,...academic theoreticians cover their blackboards with meaningless
equations, and the general public struggles in bewildered confusion with inflation and the coming
credit collapse, while the quite simple explanation of the problem goes undiscussed and almost
entirely uncomprehended. The Federal Reserve System is a legal private monopoly of the money
supply operated for the benefit of the few under the guise of protecting and promoting the public

The real significance of the journey to Jekyll Island and the creature that was hatched there was
inadvertantly summarized by the words of Paul Warburg's admiring biographer, Harold Kellock:

"Paul M. Warburg is probably the mildest-mannered man that ever personally conducted a
revolution. It was a bloodless revolution: he did not attempt to rouse the populace to arms. He
stepped forth armed simply with an idea. And he conquered. That's the amazing thing. A shy,
sensitive man, he imposed his idea on a nation of a hundred million people.--"

G. Edward Griffin
The Creature from Jekyll Island:
A Lecture on the Federal Reserve

G. Edward Griffin exposes the most blatant scam of all history. It’s all here: the cause of wars, boom-bust cycles, inflation, depression, prosperity. It's just exactly what every American needs to know about the power of the central bank.      Running time: 1:29:28.3 / File Size: 10.6 MB


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